The Dulong nationality, with a population
of 6,000 is the smallest ethnic group in Yunnan Province.
They live mainly in the Dulong River Valley of Gonshan
Dulong and Nu Autonomous County, Nujiang Prefecture.
A few live in fugong and Weixi counties. In the past
they were called "Qiao", "Qiao Ren"
and "Qu Ren" by others and "Dulong"
by themselves. In 1952, they were named the Dulong
nationality. They have their own oral language but
no writing system.
The Dulong people living in the Dulong
Rive Valley are divided into dozens of clans. Each
clan consists of several patriarchal families with
several big families in each. The members of each
big family share the means of production. They eat
together, cultivate the fields together, and share
the harvest, which is a good reflection of the early
patriarchal family system.
The clothes of the Dulong people are
quite simple. Both men and women wear black-and -white
linen cloth woven by themselves. they make a knot
in the front. the same piece of cloth is used as clothes
in the daytime, and as quilt at night. both men and
women wear loose hair and copper earring, and are
bare-footed In the old days, the women tattooed their
faces. But now their customs are greatly changed.
they now wear coats, trousers and tight skirts. The
women like to wear colorful plastic beads on their
The majority of the Dulong people
believe in their own primitive religion, but some
believe in Christianity. The only festival is called
"kaquewa", which is actually the New Year
festival. It falls in December or January on the lunar