The Hani Nationality has a population
of about 1-29 million, living in compact communities
mainly in the Ailao Mountain region between the Honghe
River in southern Yunnan and the Lancang River,which
includes Honghe Prefecture, Mojiang, Pu'Er and Jiangcheng
of Simao Prefecture and Yuanjiang County of Yuxi Prefecture.
The Hani nationality has a long history .It shares
the same ancestors with the Diqiang, the Yi, the Naxi
and the Lahu nationalies ,and developed into the present
nationality in the process of migration and reproduction.
They were called "Heman" in the Sui and
Tang Dynasties, "Heni", "Hanni",
"Hani" and "Ani "in the Song,
Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties . And they were named
as the Hani nationality after Liberation .
Their language belongs to the
Tibeto-Burman Stock of the Sino -Tibetan Language
Family. But they don't have their own writing system..
They engage in farming and are good at making terraced
fields. They believe in a multi-god religion and their
wizards are called "Beima" and "Nima".
Their typical houses are buildings on poles and cob-walled
houses. The principal festivals are the Kuzhazha Festival
and the Tenth Month Festival. The Tenth Month Festival
falls on the first dragon day of the tenth month.
On this occasion, the Hani people will hold long street
banquets ,drinking wines and giving best wishes to
each other. The Hani people cherish black color. Their
clothes are often made of the cloth made by themselves
.Men like to wear loose and short coats ,long trousers
and black or white turbans . Women often wear collarless
sleeveless overcoats with buttons on the right . They
wear short skirts and leggings. Young girls often
have silver bulbs, silver coins and silver chains
as chest ornaments.