The Jingpo nationality, with a population
of about 121,900, live in compact communities mainly
in Dehong Prefecture and Lushi County of Nujiang Prefecture
.A few of them are distributed in Tengchong County
of Baoshan Simao Prefecture .Their ancestors were
a branch of the Diqing tribe. The "Luoxing"
and the "Xunchun" tribes in the Tang Dynasty
were their ancestors. they call themselves "Jingpo",
"Zaiwa ", "E-lang" and "Laqi".
Since they live in mountain areas, they are often
called "Shantou" which means "the top
of a Mountain", and the names given by Hans are
also related to their distributions. After Liberation,
they were named the Jingpo the Jingpo nationality.
They use two languages, namely the Jinpo
and the Zaiwa languages, which belong to the Tibeto-Burman
Branch of the Sino-Tibetan Language Family (Jingpo
Branch). The primitive means of communication were
popular among the Jingpo people, of which the typical
ones included making marks on wooden boards as records
and expressing feelings by giving different plants
. In 1957, the new Jingpo characters were created.
The Jinpo people engage mainly in farming,
and sometimes in gathering and hunting as well. They
are fond of drinking wine, chewing tobacco, Luzi and
betel nuts .They believe in a primitive multi-god
religion, and a few of them are Christians.
The Jingpo women usually wear short
black coats, and purplish red tight wollen shirts.
On grand occasions, they dress themselves up with
numerous colorful beads, silver bulbs and silver pieces.
Some women have bamboo rattan hoops painted black
or red on their waists. The men usually wear black
round-collared coats with buttons down the front,
short and loose trousers, and black or white turbans.
The two ends of the turbans with embroidery or small
floss balls. They bring their ling knives and haversacks
wherever they go.
The most important festival of
the Jingpo people is the MunaoZongge festival. "Munao"
is a Jingpo and "Zongge" is a Zaiwa word.
Both of them mean singing and dancing together. It
falls on the 15th of January on the lunar calendar
and lasts three days.